A style of painting related to Cubism, sometimes called Orphic Cubism, that employed overlapping planes of bright, contrasting colors. It was generally both more abstract and more colorful than other forms of Cubism. The name, chosen by the poet Guillaume Apollinaire (French, 1880-1918) in 1913, harkened back to Orpheus, the singer and poet of Greek mythology. Painter Robert Delaunay (French, 1885-1941) and his wife Sonia Delaunay-Terk (French, 1885-1979) were its chief exponents, beginning in 1912. He preferred the name Simultaneism. Other artists at times associated with this style were Frantisek [Franz or Frank] Kupka (Czech, 1871-1957), Francis Picabia (French, 1879-1953), Fernand Leger (French, 1881-1955), and Marcel Duchamp (French, 1887-1968).

Glossary of Art Terms. 2014.

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  • Orphism — may refer to: Orphism (art) (a school of art, also known as Orphic cubism ) Orphism (religion) (a religious movement in antiquity, supposed to have been founded by Orpheus) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title.… …   Wikipedia

  • Orphism — [ôr′fiz΄əm] n. the rites and religion ascribed to Orpheus as founder …   English World dictionary

  • Orphism — Orphist, n., adj. /awr fiz euhm/, n. 1. the religious or philosophical system of the Orphic school. 2. (often l.c.) Also called orphic cubism. Fine Arts. a short lived but influential artistic movement of the early 20th century arising from… …   Universalium

  • orphism — Mystical Greek religious and philosophical cult derived from the myth of Orpheus. It involved stories of creation, reincarnation, and punishment after death, and had a large influence on Pythagoras and Plato . The mysteries of Eleusis were the… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Orphism (religion) — Orphic mosaics were found in many late Roman villas Orphism (more rarely Orphicism) (Ancient Greek: Ὀρφικά) is the name given to a set of religious[1] beliefs and practices in the ancient Greek and the Hellenistic wo …   Wikipedia

  • Orphism (art) — Robert Delaunay, Champs de Mars. La Tour rouge. 1911. Art Institute of Chicago. For the ancient Greek religion, see Orphism (religion). Orphism or Orphic Cubism (1910 13), the term coined by the French poet Guillaume Apollinaire, was a little… …   Wikipedia

  • Orphism — noun Etymology: Orpheus, its reputed founder Date: 1880 a mystic Greek religion offering initiates purification of the soul from innate evil and release from the cycle of reincarnation …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Orphism — noun a) A religious movement in antiquity, supposed to have been founded by Orpheus. b) A minor Cubist art movement focusing on pure abstraction and bright colours …   Wiktionary

  • ORPHISM —    a Greek MYSTERY RELIGION centered on the GOD ORPHEUS and associated with the ELEUSIAN MYSTERIES which featured REBIRTH as one of its central BELIEFS …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Orphism — n. 20th century artistic movement that grew out of Cubism (maintained the use of bold colors and contrast, but in a lighter style than in Cubism) …   English contemporary dictionary

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